VICTOR Z. CHEN

In pursuit of the profound, the innovative, and the visionary

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Giant Crossbow, sketched by Leonardo Da Vince in his notebook

 

 

You may want to visit my Vlog of Sense of Humor, Imagination, Value, and Arts (SHIVA) (under construction)

 

Rambling Topic 1. Is the World Really Becoming Smaller? A Long Historical Perspective

 

Figure 1. Distance in Social Development Index between the West and the East from 10,000 BCE to 2,000 CE

Data source: The author, based on Morris (2013: 240-243) and Stavrianos (1998).

 

Note:     1) The West defines “the societies that have developed and spread through a combination of colonization and emulation from the westernmost original core of domestication in Eurasia, in the headwaters of the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers.” (Morris, 2013: 31). The core regions of the West shifted from Hilly Flanks (SW Asia) between 14,000 and 5,000 BCE, to Mesopotamia (SW Asia) between 4,000 and 3,500 BCE, to Egypt (NE Africa) and Mesopotamia (and later also Antolia) (SW Asia) between 3,000 and 1,000 BCE, to Assyria-Mesopotamia (SW Asia) between 900 and 700 BCE, to Egypt (NE Africa) and Mesopotamia (SW Asia) in 600 BCE, to Persian Empire (SW Asia) in 500 BCE, to Persian Empire-Aegean (SW Asia – NE Africa – SE Europe) in 400 BCE, to Hellenistic kingdoms (SW Asia – NE Africa – SE Europe) in 300 BCE, to Mediterranean basin (SE Asia – NE Africa – SE Europe) in 200 BCE, to Central Mediterranean (S Europe) between 1 BCE/CE and 200 CE, to Eastern Mediterranean (SW Asia – NE Africa – SE Europe) between 300 and 600 CE, to Egypt (NE Africa) and Syria-Iraq (SW Asia) between 700 and 800 CE, Egypt (NE Africa) and Spain (SW Europe) in 900 CE, Mediterranean basin (SW Asia – N Africa – S Europe) between 1,000 and 1,400 CE, to Atlantic littoral (W Europe) between 1,500 and 1,600 CE, to France, Britain, Netherlands (NW Europe) in 1,700, to France and Britain (NW Europe) in 1,800 CE, to Germany, France, Britain, and USA (NW Europe, N America) in 1,900 CE, and USA (N America) in 2,000 CE (Morris, 2013).

 

2) The East defines “those societies that have developed and spread –again, through a combination of colonization and emulation –from the easternmost original core of domestication in Eurasia, between Yellow and Yangzi Rivers.” (Morris, 32). The core regions of the East have been relatively very constant – Yellow-Yangzi River Valleys (China) between 14,000 BCE and 1,500 CE, plus Japan in 1,600 CE, then back to Yellow-Yangzi River Valleys (China) between 1,700 and 1,800 CE, to Japan in 1,900 CE, and to Eastern China and Japan in 2,000 CE (Morris, 2013).

3) The Weighted Distance is calculated as , where W denotes the West, E denotes the East,  is the sample standard deviation of four social dimensions in a respective year, and four social development dimensions (i=1,2,3,4) are energy capture, social organization, war-making capacity, and information technology.

 

Figure 2. Contribution of Each Social Development Dimension to the Overall Distance, 10,000 BCE to 2,000 CE

 

 

Data source: The author, based on Morris (2013: 240-243).

Note:    The share percentage of each dimension is calculated as  , where four social development dimensions (i=1,2,3,4) are energy capture, social organization, war-making capacity, and information technology.

 

 

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